Discussion Forum

Please consider registering
guest

Log In Register

Register | Lost password?
Advanced Search

— Forum Scope —




— Match —





— Forum Options —





Minimum search word length is 4 characters - maximum search word length is 84 characters

Topic RSS
Fury
Topic Rating: 0 (0 votes) 
2014/07/17
9:19pm
deaconB
Member
Forum Posts: 379
Member Since:
2013/10/18
Offline
1
0

It appears the word Erinyes is plural, with the singular being Erinys.

Are there any other words that form the plural this way?

2014/07/18
6:40am
Glenn
Admin
Forum Posts: 1659
Member Since:
2009/03/03
Offline

This comes into English as a transcription of the Greek third declension plural. English has several words from that same declension. Any that would retain the original paradigm would be uncommon, technical, and obscure. Some that had that paradigm were “lost” due to misunderstanding and back-formation. And further, that declension had a few different realizations of pluralization depending upon the kind of consonant that ended the nominative singular.

So, other examples of Greek 3rd declension plurals in English are:
agon / agones
hero / heroes (originally heros / heroes) (hero being a back-formation of heroes)
polis / poleis
syringe / syringes (also syrinx / syringes) (syringe being a back-formation of syringes)

The closest example to Erinys / Erinyes is heros / heroes, but English lost that singular form, due to the common use of the word and the odd plural, creating a false singular of hero. Likewise syringe. Still, the original singular word syrinx is used in some technical senses with the plural syringes.

I include syrinx as a good example only if you understand something of the phonetics. The final -s SOUND of the -ks ending (of the x letter) is removed and the -es ending is added, just as in the examples of Erinis / Erinyes and heros / heroes. There is a further transformation of voicing of the unvoiced -k- to a voiced counterpart -g-. Such voicing often occurs when suffixes change the context of an unvoiced consonant. When an unvoiced consonant is found in isolation between two (inherently voiced) vowels, it can assimilate that voicing and change into its voiced counterpart. /syrinks/ > /syrinkes/ > /syringes/

Forum Timezone: America/Los_Angeles

Most Users Ever Online: 1147

Currently Online:
63 Guest(s)

Currently Browsing this Page:
1 Guest(s)

Top Posters:

Heimhenge: 835

Bob Bridges: 680

Ron Draney: 642

RobertB: 460

Robert: 445

tromboniator: 422

Dick: 411

deaconB: 379

samaphore: 312

dilettante: 287

Member Stats:

Guest Posters: 609

Members: 3036

Moderators: 1

Admins: 5

Forum Stats:

Groups: 1

Forums: 1

Topics: 3249

Posts: 17195

Newest Members: 2ndtimere, andrewpaul, jason clarke, hajjr, ken wilbert, f14guy, Superman01, DanGaskell, barkingdogs, Matt

Administrators: Martha Barnette: 820, Grant Barrett: 1437, EmmettRedd: 687, Glenn: 1659, timfelten: 0