It's the business of business jargon. Say you're in line at the drugstore. Does it bother you if the cashier says, "Next guest"? In department stores and coffeeshops, does the term "guest" suggest real hospitality—or just an annoying edict from corporate headquarters? And speaking of buzzwords, has your boss adopted the trendy term "cadence"? Also: words made up to define emotions, like "intaxication." That's the euphoria you get when you receive your tax refund--that is, until you remember it was your money to begin with.
This episode first aired June 29, 2013.
Emotions can be hard to define. That's why there's The Emotionary, a collection of words made up specifically to capture emotions in a single word, like "intaxication" — the euphoria of getting a tax refund--until you realize the money was yours to start with.
Jeff from Cardiff-by-the-Sea, California, wants to know if he's wrong to say, I'm going over Martha's house, meaning "I'm going over to Martha's house." He's always left out the word to from that phrase. His wife argues that he's implying that he's going to fly over the person's house. The expression going over, as opposed to going over to, is a case of locative prepositional deletion, which occurs when we take out a preposition when talking about direction or destination. This particular version sometimes occurs in Massachusetts, where, as it happens, Jeff grew up.
So you think you hate puns? Wait until you hear this item from a Singapore newspaper about a Japanese banking crisis.
Every tub on its own bottom suggests that every person or entity in a group should be self-sufficient. This idiom, often abbreviated to ETOB, is common in academic speech to mean that each department or school should be responsible for raising its own funds. But the phrase goes back at least 400 years, when a tub meant the cask or barrel for wine. The metaphor of a tub on its own bottom appears in religious texts from the 1600s, referring to a foundation to which one should adhere.
Our Quiz Guy John Chaneski shares a game called Just O.K. Take a word, add the letters O and K, then transpose the letters to form a new word. For example, what froggy word could you form by adding an O and a K to the word car?
The terms anyhoo, or anywho, signaling a conversational transition, are simply variants of anyhow, and originated in Ireland.
The term cheap-john can refer to a miserly fellow, and also to a pawnbroker's shop.
If your boss drives you crazy with the word cadence, you're not alone. This business buzzword, referring to steady, efficient scheduling, was popularized in the 90s after IBM published a paper about sales called Chaos to Cadence. And you know how synergistic the business world is-sooner or later, everyone will be utilizing it!
Those soft felt hats that folks like the guy on the Quaker oatmeal box wear? They're called wide-awakes. The etymology of this term is actually a pun--a reference to the fact that they're made out of smooth material that has no nap!
What exactly is dope? Over time, it's meant marijuana, heroin, steroids, butter, coffee, drugs given to racehorses, and myriad other substances affecting the recipient in some excitable way. The term didn't come to mean marijuana until the '40s, and if you were born before 1970s, chances are you'd think stoned means drunk.
Amanda Kruel from Knoxville, Tennessee, wrote to say that ten years after learning French, she was studying German and her mind would jump from German to French, instead of English, when she was at a loss for a word. This is known as faulty language selection, and it happens to a lot of polyglots. A Florida community-college professor blogging at Sarah on Sabbatical has a nice roundup of research on the topic. She relates her own experience of working in a hotel in Bavaria and not being able to translate to French for some tourists, even though she spoke French.
What's the difference between addicting and addictive? Not much, although addictive is the older term. Grant suggests that addicting is more about a quality of the person being affected, whereas if something's addictive, that's an inherent property of the substance itself. So if you can't log off of Netflix, you'd say that Netflix is addicting.
When you have to ask someone to repeat themselves three times and you still can't figure out what they're saying, you may as well feignderstand, or pretend to understand. It's yet another made-up term from The Emotionary.
Jerry from New York City is annoyed that clerks in his local drug store and coffee shop baristas refer to him not as a customer, or a patron, but as a guest. He thinks guest sounds contrived, and should be reserved for hoteliers and the like. Well, Disney's been using guest since the 70s, and more and more businesses are following suit.
Need a word for the cheerful but futile advice one offers despite knowing that the recipient's efforts might not pan out? Try floptimism.
Mike from St. Augustine, Florida, wants to know about a family expression quicker than Goody's moose? It's actually a variation of quicker than Moody's goose, which in turn comes from a 19th Irish saying involving a "Mooney's goose." No one's sure who Mooney was.
Here's a traditional Irish saying about someone who's cheap: He'd skin a louse and send the hide and fat to market.
Photo by waferboard. Used under a Creative Commons license.
In the early 1970s, 'dope' among the young people I knew meant opiates; however, due to derision of authorities' claiming that marijuana were the equivalent of heroin, people started using 'dope' ironically (in the best-honed sense of that word, as well as in today's more usual sense of 'satirically'), as in 'Yes, Dad, I smoke a joint every couple of months, I'm a huge Dope Fiend.'.
I forget if it were mentioned in the segment, but 'doping' was the application of a substance to the fabric wings of the original Ã¦roplanes, so calling 'airplane glue' for model kits 'dope' were natural, and that cement's use to get high the subject of yet another overblown drugs-scare in the 1950s and '60s.
Somewhere, I'd guess in the book "For God, country, and Coca-Cola", I've read that in some places early imbibers of Atlantan Courage called it 'dope'; if true, that would place the 'drugs' sense of the word at or around the time of the first powered flight.
I've never heard anyone outside our family call it that, but we've called Hershey chocolate syrup "chocolate dope" since before WWII.Â To a lesser degree, we've used "dope" to refer to other sticky, high-poise liquids, including not only other ice cream toppings (but not pancake syrup or white or brown Karo) but non-edible fluids as well. One dopes mechanical parts with a lubricant, applies a thick protective coating (similar to paint, only thick) or dopes silage with molasses to seal it and protect the nutritional values from deterioration.
Doping fabric wings on an early airplane would seem to be of similar usage, and I presume with no evidence whatsoever, that our family for that usage the same place early aviators got it.
They say the US and UK are two nations divided by a common language, but the US doesn't have a language, it has hundreds of them!
I seem to recall that when I started college in the mid-60s dope invariably referred to marijuana (if not to the aircraft variety, rare in college). In about 1968 or so the Furry Freak Brothers comics appeared, with a focus on marijuana, and introduced deep philosophy like: "Dope'll get you through times of no money better than money will get you through times of no dope." Opiates were nearly unknown on our campus.
Hi, this is Sarah from Sarah on Sabbatical (the blog that you referenced above). Thank you for reading and including my post in your article Here is a direct link to the article on language acquisition for anyone who would like to read the full article: http://sarahonsabbatical.blogspot.com/2013/05/a-strange-form-of-speaking-notes-on.html
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