First names like “Patience,” “Hope,” and “Charity” are inspired by worthy qualities. But how about “Be-courteous” or “Hate-evil”? The Puritans sometimes gave children such names hoping that their kids would live up to them. Also, even some feminists are discarding the name “feminist.” Plus, reticent vs. reluctant, sherbet vs. sherbert, mosquitoes vs. lawyers, and a word for that feeling in your toes after a great kiss.

This episode first aired June 1, 2013.

Download the MP3.

 Hortatory Names
Patience, Hope, and Charity are pretty ambitious things to name your children. But what about Hate-evil, Be-courteous, or Search-the-scriptures? Or Fight-the-good-fight-of-faith? Puritan parents sometimes gave their kids so as to encourage those qualities. They’re called hortatory names, from the Latin for “encourage” or “urge.”

 The Lawyer and The Mosquito
What’s the difference between a mosquito and a lawyer? One’s a bloodsucking parasite, and the other’s an insect. This bait-and-switch joke, like many good paraprosdokians, get their humor by going contrary to our expectations.

 Conductors Guild
A debate has been raging within the Conductors Guild. Should that organization’s name have an apostrophe? Most board members contend that for simplicity and clarity, the name should go without an apostrophe. The hosts concur.

 Foot Pop
That thing when someone kisses you so well that your toes curl up? It’s called a foot pop.

 I Could Use a Drink
Is it incorrect to say “I could use a drink” rather than “I want a drink”? A California man says his Italian partner claims this use of use is incorrect. It may be a verbal crutch, but it’s still correct English.

 Spoonerism Game
Our Quiz Guy Greg Pliska feeds us a game of spoonerisms, or rhyming phrase pairs where the first sounds are swapped. For example, what do a stream of information in 140 characters and a better-tailored suit have in common? Or how about a Michael Lewis book about baseball and a shopping destination for rabbits?

 Canadian Cop Shoe Phones
A caller from Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, says that cops in Canada will often say to contact them on their shoe phones. The shoe phone comes from Maxwell Smart, the hapless hero of the 1960s sitcom Get Smart, who kept a phone on the sole of his shoe. The phrase has now come to refer to any surreptitiously placed phone.

 Knucklebuster
Before the days of the Square, vendors had to run a credit card through rough, bulky machine called a knucklebuster that had the capacity to do just that.

 Monkey for a Week
“Order in the court, the monkey wants to speak, the first one to speak is a monkey for a week!” This children’s rhyme appears in print in the 1950s, and Israel Kaplan mentions it in When I Was a Boy in Brooklyn, his take on growing up in New York in the 20s and 30s. Many of his rhymes were less tame.

 Poetic Car Names
The poet Marianne Moore was once asked to come up with car names for the Ford Motor Company, and if it wasn’t for the genius of their own term, the Edsel, we could’ve been driving around in Resilient Bullets, Varsity Strokes, or Utopian Turtletops.

 Vegan Origin
The term vegan was coined in 1944 by Donald Watson, the founder of the U.K. Vegan Society, who insisted that the original pronunciation was VEE-gin. However, some dictionaries now allow for other pronunciations, such as VAY-gin or even VEDJ-in.

 Morphees
If a phone in your shoe or your glasses isn’t futuristic enough for you, check out morphees. They’re smartphones and handheld gaming devices that can bend and change shapes.

 Feminist Label
Is it time for feminists to ditch the label feminist? Women’s studies professor Abigail Rine is among those struggling with that question. She argues that conversations about feminist issues are often held up by discussions about the label itself, and its negative connotations in particular. Meanwhile, some are trying to replace the word patriarchy with kyriarchy, from the Greek for “lord” or “master” (as in Kyrie Eleison, or “Lord, have mercy” since matters of discrimination don’t just fall along gender lines.

 Sherbet, Not Sherbert
Sherbet is pronounced SHUR-bit. There’s no r before the t, and there’s no need to add one. If it still seems too complicated, you might just order ice cream or sorbet instead.

 “Ch” Speling Reform
Noah Webster originally tried changing the spelling of hard ch words to begin with k, as in karacter, but the shift never caught on, as is usually the case with spelling reforms.

 Reticent vs. Reluctant
Is there a difference between reticent and reluctant? Reticent more specifically involves reluctance to speak–it comes from the Latin root meaning “silent,” and is a relative of the word tacit–whereas you can be reluctant to do anything.

 Plot Bunny
Say you’re a novelist working on your magnum opus. While you’re shuffling through the produce aisle, an idea strikes you and you can’t stop thinking about it. That’s what they call a plot bunny.

 Pure-T Mommicked
Lori from Swansboro, North Carolina, wonders about pure-T mommicked, which in many parts of the South and South Midlands means “confused.” Its sense of “harrass, tease, impose upon” is particularly common in North Carolina. It apparently derives from the verb mammock, meaning to tear into pieces, actually shows up in Shakespeare’s Coriolanus. The pure-T is a variant of pure-D, a euphemism for pure damned.

 February 90th
This past spring was a cold one, wasn’t it? Some have taken to calling it February 90th.

This episode is hosted by Martha Barnette and Grant Barrett, and produced by Stefanie Levine.

Photo by waferboard. Used under a Creative Commons license.

Book Mentioned in the Broadcast

When I Was a Boy in Brooklyn by Israel Kaplan

Music Used in the Broadcast

I Can Give Dojo Cuts Take From Me Record Kicks
Layin’ Low Sure Fire Soul Ensemble Layin’ Low Timeless Takeover
Love Air Love 2 EMI Records
Sonny’s Strut Dojo Cuts Take From Me Record Kicks
Eat My Beat Air Love 2 EMI Records
Easy To Come Home Dojo Cuts Take From Me Record Kicks
IB Struttin’ Sure Fire Soul Ensemble IB Struttin’ Timeless Takeover
Missing The Light of Day Air Love 2 EMI Records
Grand Carnival Dojo Cuts Grand Carnival Record Kicks
Ain’t So Low Dojo Cuts Ain’t So Low Record Kicks
Let’s Call The Whole Thing Off Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald Sings The George and Ira Gershwin Song Book Verve

2 Responses

  1. Ron Draney says:

    During the conversation about the shoe phone, mention was made of Maxwell Smart’s other phones. They were rarely used, but one scene is canonical.

  2. Glenn says:

    That is great. One thing I had forgotten was the pinkie ring! How interesting to see clothing and style from the 60s. Google garter? The iTie would surely be a bust. However, our phones are on their way to becoming our wallets, so maybe that wasn’t so far off.

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