Have you ever offered to foster a dog or cat, but wound up adopting instead? There’s an alliterative term for that. And when you’re on the job, do niceties like “Yes, ma’am” and “No, sir” make you sound too formal? Not if it comes naturally. And what about the term “auntie” (AHN-tee)? In some circles, it’s considered respectful to address a woman that way, even if she’s not a relative. Also, the old saying “The proof is in the pudding” makes no sense when you think about it. That’s because the original meaning of pudding had nothing to do with the kind we eat for dessert today.

This episode first aired February 12, 2016.

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 Foster Flunk
When people who foster rescue animals break down and adopt the animal instead, you’ve happily committed a “foster flunk.”

 Feeder Road vs. Frontage Road
A native of Houston, Texas, moves a few hundred miles north to Dallas and discovers that people there say she’s wrong to call the road alongside the highway a “feeder road” rather than a “frontage road.” Actually, both terms are correct. The Texas Highway Man offers a helpful glossary of road and traffic terms, particularly those used in Texas.

 Response for a Pout
A listener from Silver City, New Mexico, writes that when he was a child and pouted with his lower lip stuck out, his aunt would say “Stick that out a little farther, and I’ll write the Ten Commandments on it with a mop.”

 Etymology of Snarky
Snarky refers to someone or something “irritable,” “sharply critical,” or “ill-tempered.” It goes back to a 19th-century word meaning “to snort.”

 Throw it Over the Hill
According to the Dictionary of Smoky Mountain English, the expression “throw it over the hill” means to get rid of something. In Appalachia, the phrase can also mean “wrap it up,” as in bring something to a close.

 Word Quiz With “For”
Quiz Guy John Chaneski has a quiz that’s all about the word for. An example: There’s a cave that accommodates a large ursine mammal when it hibernates during the winter. But what’s it “for”?

 Pronouncing Forte
A listener in Billings, Montana, says his brother is an English teacher who corrects his pronunciation of forte, meaning “strong point.” Pedants will insist that it should be pronounced FORT, but that reflects an assumption about its etymology that’s flat-out wrong. Besides, the far more common pronunciation now is FOR-tay. The bottom line is t’s a word that raises hackles either way you say it, so it’s best to replace it with a synonym.

 Waste vs. Spill
If someone spilled a box of paper clips, for example, would you say that they wasted the paper clips, even though the clips could be picked up and re-used? Although most people wouldn’t, this sense of waste meaning “to spill” is used among many African-American speakers in the American South, particularly in Texas.

 Pharmacist Eponymous Law
Our discussion of eponymous laws prompted Peg Brekel of Casa Grande, Arizona, to send us one based on her years of experience in a pharmacy, where she had to keep minding the counter even during her lunch break. Peg’s Law: The number of customers who come to the counter is directly proportional to how good your food tastes hot.

 Sincere Niceties
Is saying “Yes, Ma’am” and “No, Sir” when addressing someone in conversation too formal or off-putting? Not if it’s clear that those niceties come naturally to you.

 Sharp as a Bag of Marsh
A Milwaukee, Wisconsin, listener who heard our conversation about the phrase sharp as a marshmallow sandwich wonders about a similar expression that denotes a person who’s not all that bright: “sharp as a bag of marsh.” Variations of this insult include “sharp as a bowling ball” and “sharp as bag of wet mice.”

 Non-Relational Aunties
A dancer in the Broadway production of The Lion King says he and his colleagues are curious about the use of the term “Auntie” (pronounced AHN-tee) to refer to an older woman, regardless of whether she’s a blood relative. Auntie is often used among African-American speakers in the American South as a sign of respect for an older woman for whom one has affection.

 The Three Comma Club
If you’re in the three-comma club, you’re a billionaire–a reference to the number of commas needed to separate all those zeroes in your net worth.

 Kibitzing
The verb to kibitz has more than one meaning. It can mean “to chitchat” or “to look on giving unsolicited advice.” The word comes to English through Yiddish, and may derive from German Kiebitz, a reference to a folk belief that the bird is a notorious meddler.

 The Proof of the Pudding is in the Eating
On the face of it, the expression “the proof is in the pudding” doesn’t make sense. It’s a shortening of the proverbial saying, “the proof of the pudding is in the eating.” Pudding is an old word for sausage, and in this case the proof is the act of testing it by tasting it.

 Variation on “I Miss You”
Following up on our discussion of different ways to say “I miss you,” a listener suggests “I miss who I get to be when I’m with you.”

This episode is hosted by Martha Barnette and Grant Barrett, and produced by Stefanie Levine.

Photo by minato. Used under a Creative Commons license.

Music Used in the Broadcast

Title Artist Album Label
Impala ’73 Cochemea Gastelum The Electric Sound of Johnny Arrow MRI
Fathom S Cochemea Gastelum The Electric Sound of Johnny Arrow MRI
No Goodbyes Cochemea Gastelum The Electric Sound of Johnny Arrow MRI
Midnight At The Oasis Freddie Hubbard The Roots of Acid Jazz Sony
Cigar Time New Mastersounds Made For Pleasure Royal Potato Family
Beijo Do Sol Cochemea Gastelum The Electric Sound of Johnny Arrow MRI
Nunya Tom Scott and The LA Express The Roots of Acid Jazz Sony
Yes Yaa Yaa Vula Viel Yes Yaa Yaa Vula Viel Records
Lobi Vula Viel Yes Yaa Yaa Vula Viel Records
Volcano Vapes Sure Fire Soul Ensemble Out On The Coast Colemine Records

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