n.— «The Japanese word for waste is muda. In Japan, muda refers to any activity that is not value-adding. Taiichi Ohno, who introduced the just-in-time (JIT) production system at Toyota Motor Company, was the first person to recognize the enormous amount of muda or waste in the everyday work activities of an organization.» —“IQ and Muda: Information Quality Eliminates Waste” by Larry English DMReview (U.S.) Sept., 2005. (source: Double-Tongued Dictionary)

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