What’s the antidote to living in a sound-bite world? How about unwinding with luxuriously expressive prose? Also, the cloak-and-dagger world of editing dictionary entries. Plus, what you might say instead of cursing, and oddball Scrabble words to stump your opponent. And what do you call the shoes sometimes known as sneakers, sneakers, or trainers? Also: feeling owly, jumpin’ Jehoshaphat, finjans and zarfs, catching plagiarism with mountweazels, and the art of long sentences. It’s a larrupin’ show!
This episode first aired Friday, February 10, 2012.
Knitted Cap Names
What do you call a knitted winter cap? A beanie? A toboggan? A stocking hat? Grant’s Great Knitted Hat Survey traces the different terms for this cold weather accessory used across the country.
Sneakers vs. Tennis Shoes vs. Trainers
How do you refer to rubber-soled athletic shoes? Are they sneakers or tennis shoes? Something else, like trainers? When canvas shoes with soft rubber soles came into use, they were so quiet compared to wood-soled shoes that one could literally sneak about. Outside the Northeast, tennis shoe is the more common term.
The biblical king Jehoshaphat is the inspiration for the exclamation “jumpin’ Jehoshaphat!” This alliterative idiom probably arose in the 19th century but was popularized by the cartoon character Yosemite Sam in the 20th century.
Zarf and Finjan
Looking for some good Scrabble words? Try zarf, a type of cup holder of Arabic origin, or finjan, the small cup that’s held by the zarf.
Our Quiz Guy John Chaneski shows off his acting skills with a word puzzle based on sounds.
Tight games often end up at a rubber match, or tiebreaker. Used for a variety of sports and card games, rubber match has been in use since the late 16th century, and seem to have originated in the game of lawn bowling.
Do dictionaries deal with copyright infringement or plagiarism when definitions match up between volumes? Since many modern dictionaries derive from the same few tomes, it’s common to see definitions that match. But lexicographers have been known to plant mountweazels, or fake words, to catch serial plagiarizers. One famous mountweazel is the word jungftak.
If someone directs you to drive three sees, they’re advising you “drive as far as you can see, then do it two more times.”
If something’s larrupin’ good, it’s spankin’ good or thumpin’ good. It comes from the word larrup, a verb meaning “to beat or thrash.”
Martha shares a couple of choice similes: “dry as a contribution box” and “plump as a partridge.”
No You Di-int!
Oh no you di-int! The linguistic term for what happens when someone pronounces didn’t as “di-int,” or Martin as Mar-in without the t sound, is called glottalization. Instead of making a t sound with the tongue behind the teeth, a different sound is made farther back in the mouth. John Rickford, professor of linguistics at Stanford University, does a thorough job tracing this phenomenon in the book African-American English: Structure, History, and Use.
The Dictionary of American Regional English traces you-uns, a plural form of you, to the Midlands and the Ohio River Valley. But the phrase goes back a while; even Chaucer used something similar.
If someone’s feeling owly, they’re in a grumpy mood and ought to pull up their socks and cut it out. The phrase is chiefly used in the Midwest and Canada and can be found in some dictionaries from Novia Scotia and Prince Edward Island. Some people think owls look grumpy or creepy, although others think they’re adorable. Then there are those who prefer moist owlets.
E.E. Cummings Love Poem
Martha reads a favorite love poem by E.E. Cummings. (Because you’re going to ask, properly capitalizing his name is the right thing to do.)
Photo by Kyknoord. Used under a Creative Commons license.
Books Mentioned in the Broadcast
|African-American English: Structure, History, and Use edited by Guy Bailey|
|Dictionary of American Regional English|
Music Used in the Broadcast
|Second Cut||James Clark||Blow Up Presents Exclusive Blend Volume 2||Blow Up|
|Midnight Cowboy||Ferrante and Teicher||Midnight Cowboy||United Artists Records|
|Walking Papers||Booker T. Jones||The Road From Memphis||Anti Records|
|Buzz Saw||The Turtles||Buzz Saw 45rpm||White Whale|
|Wilford’s Gone||The Blackbyrds||The Best of The Blackbyrds||BGP Records|
|Bump The Bump||Black Buster||Bump The Bump 45rpm||Bellaphon|
|Crazy||Booker T. Jones||The Road From Memphis||Anti Records|
|Cause I Need It||Dorothy Ashby||Dorothy’s Harp||Cadet Records|
|Golden Apples Part III||Galt McDermott||The Nucleus||Kilmarnock|
|Let’s Call The Whole Thing Off||Ella Fitzgerald||Ella Fitzgerald Sings The George and Ira Gershwin Song Book||Verve|