Lochnerism n. generally, a form of judicial activism in which court decisions are made based upon presumed rights not specifically addressed by existing (Constitutional) law, especially when influenced by political or personal beliefs. Etymological Note: From Lochner v. New York, 198 U.S. 45 (1905), a U.S. Supreme Court case that declared unconstitutional a law that limited bakers to a maximum 10-hour work day and 60-hour work week. (source: Double-Tongued Dictionary)

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